Ocean ecosystems provide crucial services including producing approximately 50% of the Earth’s oxygen, supporting seafood resources, serving as a source of recreational activities and new pharmaceuticals. Climate change, overfishing and pollution stress marine and coastal ecosystems and threaten ecosystem services and food security. In order to properly manage and mitigate these threats, services to monitor the health, productivity and sustainable development of aquatic ecosystems are required.
Blue Planet projects associated with this theme will aim to monitor the health, productivity and sustainable development of aquatic ecosystems. Specifically, projects will aim to provide sustained, integrated and globally-complete observations and knowledge of the ocean ecosystem to assess and anticipate possible changes in its structure and function that may result from environmental perturbations such as climate change (e.g. ocean acidification), or from human activities such as overfishing of wild-caught fisheries, aquaculture and/or land-sourced pollution including marine debris.
ChloroGIN – The Chlorophyll Globally Integrated Network ChloroGIN is an international network to assess the state of marine, coastal and inland-water ecosystems for the benefit of society; promoting for that purpose in-water observations in synergy with ocean-colour and related satellite observations.
MBON – The Marine Biodiversity Observation Network is a component of the Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEOBON) Initiative that is working to monitor marine biodiveristy.
IQOE – The International Quiet Ocean Experiment seeks to to quantify global ocean sound (natural/anthropogenic) and measure the effects of changing sound exposure on marine life. Implement essential acoustical applications within existing ocean observing systems.
SAHFOS – The Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS) is an international charity that operates the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) Survey.